It is incredible what technology is providing with the aim of adding capabilities for underwater exploration. In this article I will try to show you the future of underwater robotics and everything that has to do with this fascinating topic. There is no doubt that it has evolved a lot since the legendary French researcher and innovator Jacques Cousteau left many inventions in his legacy, not only for exploration diving, but also underwater vehicles or propulsion systems for boats. Contributions that, without a doubt, have been key to what is now a technological revolution.
Now thanks to this technological leap we can see what is in the deep sea, without any human being submerged in the ocean. For this we have underwater robotics.
It can be said that they are like robotic divers with different characteristics: Some have bi-manual capabilities, have stereoscopic vision, certain more advanced models have haptic technology or kinesthetic communication, provide a way to recreate the sense of touch, and the operator from the surface can feel what the robot is touching in real time.
The planet earth is mostly water, more than 70% of its surface is under the oceans, however, less than 10% of this space has been investigated due to the impossibility of the human being to dive to depths as deep as those in the Mariana Trench, for example. Underwater robotics and new technologies will allow in the coming years to enter the abysmal depths of the oceans and probe them almost in person, obtaining, through these robots, answers to the secrets that their waters keep on our planet.
Aquanaut is a robot created by Houston Mechatronics (HMI) its incredible ability lies in the fact that it fuses the torpedo robot that travels great distances and the abilities most typical of androids, since in addition to reaching very deep distances in the sea, Aquanaut can deploy two robotic arms that allow it to maneuver endless underwater tasks. In addition, it is equipped with cameras that allow you to see and record all your maneuvers from the surface.
OceanOne, the underwater android
The King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, in Saudi Arabia in collaboration with robotics specialists from Stanford University, have created an amazing underwater android that they have called OceanOne.
Among its special features is that it is smaller than a usual underwater ROV, it can dive to depths of up to 2,000 meters. Thanks to its small and slim size and its multiple propellers, the OceanOne can move in various directions and its autonomous system gives it stable operation.
The advantages of this humanoid underwater robot are many: it is smaller than ROVs, but also the electronics are immersed in oil, so diving to depths of up to 2000 meters is not a problem for it. It has eight small propellers that allow it to move in all directions and maneuver easily, it also has an autonomous system, this allows its operation to be stable in the face of possible inconveniences.
Falcon Intervention Subsea ROV
Among the advanced robots is the ROV Falcon, a submarine created to solve problems under the sea. This underwater robot is equipped with Saab Seaeye’s iCON™ advanced system, this technology allows the ROV to interact with the pilot on the surface through a personalized screen that allows monitoring its functions and movements at depths ranging from 300 meters to 1000 meters. .